Argentina's Patagonia region is subdivided according to two criteria: Northern Patagonia (provinces of Black River, Neuquén) and South Patagonia which includes (provinces of Chubut, Santa Cruz and Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica and South Atlantic Islands) . In South Patagonia, the northeast province of Chubut Puerto Madryn is a city that is located in front of the Argentine Sea in the Atlantic Ocean. It is considered the gateway to Península Valdés, declared in 1999 as World Heritage Site by Unesco. It is one of the most important tourism centers throughout the region and the country, also considered the national capital of diving. The landscape of Puerto Madryn is Up land, forming the coastal cliffs and beaches of pebbles and sand. During the summer season, the beaches are crowded, where besides sunbathing and water sports are practiced water like kayaking, canoeing, windsurfing and motosky among others.
Península de Valdés: is located northeast of Chubut province, over the Atlantic Ocean, It is about 360 thousand hectares and it is joined to the continent by the Carlos Ameghino Isthmus, also contains three large enclosed depressions that form the salt pans (Salt lakes). Declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO, this place have four operating units tourism such as: Los Pajaros Island, Punta Piramides, Caleta Valdes and Punta Norte, and other places authorized for tourist activities such as Puerto pyramids and Punta Delgada Lighthouse. These sites can be made sightings of the Southern Right Whale, Elephants and Sea Lions, Orcas, Delfines, Maras, Seabirds and coastal. On its shores significant biodiversity of flora and fauna unique.
The total tour of Peninsula Valdes Circuit it about 420 Kms. It can be reached along the Paved Provincial Route N°2, that joins National Route N°3- interstate highway that run around the Patagonia's beaches- With the "El Desempeño" Control Post (about 40 km from Puerto Madryn), where entrance ticket to the area are paid. Los Pajaros Island it 27 Km from there, in the area around Carlos Ameghino Ishmus Interpretation Center. Puerto Piramides Community it 20 km from this Center- 98 Kms from Puerto Madryn. From there, along gravel roads it is possible to get to Punta Delgada lighthouse (79 Km ), Caleta Valdes (75 Kms), Punta Norte (83 Kms), as well the salt lake (pans) among other attraction.
Punta Loma: Fitted out. Station of Sea Lions of One Hair, nesting colonies of South American Seagulls and Black Neck Cormorant.
Punta León: Station of Sea Lions of One Hair, Southern Elephant Seals and reproduction colonies of seven species of coast and sea birds. Tourist and recreational activities have not been planned yet in this area.
Punta Tombo: Fitted out. Reproduction colony of Magellanic Penguins.
Southern Right Whales (Eubalaena Australis) live in The Southern Hemisphere, belong to the order of cetaceans (the marine mammals that are best adapted to life in the water) And the suborder mysticeti (baleen whales). They are mammals, and as such, they breathe air with lungs, maintain a constant body temperature, bear live young and nurse their young with milk. They feed by filtering tiny invertebrates (plankton, krill or copepods) through their baleens. Baleens are made up of keratin, a substance similar to that of human nails and hang from the whale's upper jaw. their number and size ( approx 450 it all up to 9,5 ft long) vary according to the age of the animal. it has two blowholes instead of one. when expelling the air, the spouts from each blowhole diverge, forming a distinctive "V" shaped fan of up 13 ft.
Southern Right Whales can be observed within The Golfo Nuevo and San José, and of the Peninsula's Atlantic coast. For coastal sighting the best place are the areas around "El Doradillo" and Puerto Madryn. As to whale watching boat trips, the only possibility is Puerto Pirámides on Peninsula Valdés.
The whales watching season is generally from June 15 to December 15 every year. Whales normally swim off the coast and can be easily viewed from the village. The duration of the trip is between 1 and 2 hours depending the availability of Whales and their proximity.